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Among these coinages are the avidly collected Yehud, Samaria and Philistia coinages and civic issues of Gaza, Ascalon and Ashdod. Though powerful, the Hasmoneans were subject to the will of the Seleucids, a point underscored by the fact that the Jews were limited to issuing only base metal coins. Another ambitious ruler of Judaea was Alexander Jannaeus, who in his desire to rule a territory as great as that of King David engaged in significant warfare. The best known of these men was Pontius Pilate, who served as procurator of Judaea from A. 26 to 36, and who presided over the crucifixion of Jesus. The coins also have dates which allow their attribution to one of the five years of the war. A variety of types were struck, most of which celebrate the victory using familiar symbols that would have been understood even by those unable to read the inscriptions, which typically are IVDAEA or IVDAEA CAPTA. 132-135 The coinage of the Bar Kokhba War was even more substantial than that of the Jewish War.
Furthermore, we won't cover many peripheral issues that are usually collected in connection with the history of Judaea, including silver shekels of Tyre (the coinage by which Temple Taxes were paid in Jerusalem) and silver denarii of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (A. 14-37), which are popularly considered the "Tribute Penny" of the Bible. The first Hasmonean to issue coins appears to have been Hyrcanus I (called Yehohanan in Hebrew), an ambitious ruler who inherited from his father Simon the titles of ethnarch and high priest. To his credit, he did succeed, and he expanded the territory under Jewish rule to its greatest extent. The brief reign of Mattathias Antigonus illustrates the high stakes of politics in the later first century B. One of his prutot, dated to the 17th year of Tiberius (A. Shown here is a silver shekel dated to the third year (A. 68/9); its paleo-Hebrew inscriptions describe the coin as a “shekel of Israel” and proclaim “Jerusalem the holy”. Imperial coins in gold, silver and base metal were struck in very large quantities by the emperors Vespasian (A. The war is also referenced on provincial coins, notably a series that appears to have been struck in Caesarea Maritima. It was made by overstriking coins withdrawn from circulation, which usually were of Roman manufacture.
Due to a shortage of metal, probably a shortage of time, and possibly as an affront to the Romans, the silver coins were usually overstruck on earlier Roman coins.
A 2,000-year-old trove of rare bronze coins from a Late Second Temple Period Jewish settlement was discovered in Israel, the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) announced today.
Greek Coins Greece & Islands Italy & West Asia & Africa Hellenistic Celtic Jewish Parthian Sassanian Persia & India Coin Index Ancient Medieval Modern China Primitive Antiquities Placing An Order Upcoming Shows Reference Guide Judaea. As could be expected, the Judaeans found this to be offensive and, led by Shim'on Ben Cosiba, revolted against Roman authority.
(reference GIC - Greek Imperial Coinage and S - Greek Coins and Their Values) During the reign of Hadrian, the Romans prohibited circumcision and decided to found a Roman city on the site of Jerusalem.
Alexander struck an astonishing quantity of coins, most of which were leptons that today are considered the most likely candidate for the "Widow's Mite" mentioned in Mark 12: 41-44. In the case of Mattathias, his ambition to become king and high priest of Judaea led him to seek an alliance with the Parthians, who were then at war with the Romans. Shown here is a 28-mm bronze minted by Agrippa II in A. The dating of Agrippa II's coins, which employ two different eras, is still a matter of debate. The first-year issues proclaim “the redemption of Israel”; they are followed by coins of the second year which call for “the freedom of Israel” and by those of the undated third year inscribed “for the freedom of Jerusalem.” Shown here is a zuz of the last year of the war (A. 134/5) which retains part of the inscription of its host coin a silver denarius of the emperor Domitian (A.
He gained Parthian support, by which he eliminated some key rivals and caused one, Herod, to flee to Rome. The war that allowed Herod to defeat his rival Mattathias Antigonus, and to assume power in the Jewish state as an instrument of Rome, also provided him with an exalted place in history. Current theory suggests this coin was issued as a posthumous commemorative for Titus during the reign of his younger brother, Domitian (A.
In 1923, Adler was forced to sell most of his collection to the Jewish Theological Seminary of America and Hebrew Union College after discovering his business partner's embezzlement.The discovery was made after pottery shards discovered several months ago, during construction to widen the Jerusalem-Tel Aviv Highway, led archaeologists to continue their excavation."The hoard, which appears to have been buried several months prior to the fall of Jerusalem, provides us with a glimpse into the lives of Jews living on the outskirts of Jerusalem at the end of the rebellion," said IAA excavation directors Pablo Betzer and Eyal Marco in a press release.Instead, we'll start with the coinage of the Hasmonean and Herodian rulers, which together comprise the most substantial part of ancient Jewish coinage, and we’ll continue through to provincial coins struck well into the third century A. One of his coins, a lepton which shows a palm branch and a lily, is illustrated here. His personal interest in warfare and his desire to "Hellenize" his court, however, brought him into conflict with the Pharisees, who preferred that their high priest pay attention to his priestly duties and strictly obey the laws of the Torah. C., as the Roman Republic collapsed under the weight of civil war. 48/9 the Romans entrusted him with increasingly greater territories. Base metal coins of the war have different inscriptions, including “the freedom of Zion” and “to the redemption of Zion”. Judaea Capta coins One of the most significant 'victory' coinages issued by the Romans trumpets their victory in the Jewish War (A. Illustrated here is a sestertius of Vespasian from A. 71 that shows the emperor's portrait and on its reverse a bound Jewish captive and a mourning Jewess flanking a palm tree, the Roman symbol for Judaea. The series consists of silver and base metal issues, each attributable to one of the three years of the war. Aelia Capitolina Provincial Coinage The Romans struck coins at no less than 37 cities in the region of ancient Judaea, comprising a field colloquially known as "city coins." Jerusalem was already millennia old by the time its ruins were "founded" as a Roman colony under the name Aelia Capitolina. After being the object of insult on these grounds, Jannaeus is said to have killed 6,000 Jews, which launched a costly and brutal civil war. Because Rome had so great an influence throughout the Mediterranean, "local" rulers often would be forced to choose sides between Rome and its enemies. 37-44), Agrippa II was not made king immediately upon his father’s death due to his youth. His loyalty to Rome is revealed by the fact that he still was allowed to rule after the First Jewish War (A. 66-70), which occurred in the midst of his 50-year reign. While the reverse names Agrippa II, the obverse is devoted to Titus, the general who sacked Jerusalem in 70 and more than a decade later became emperor of Rome. Designs and inscriptions betray the sincerity of the struggle, which makes these coins all the more popular with collectors.